Issue: 2020 > December > original article

Intraperitoneal treatment for advanced ovarian cancer, the Dutch experience. What did we learn?

M.J.A. Rietveld, J. van der Velden, A.M. Westermann, W.J. van Driel, G.S. Sonke, P.O. Witteveen, F.K. Ploos van Amstel, L.F.A.G. Massuger, P.B. Ottevanger
AbstractFull textPDF


Background: Combined administration of intravenous (iv) and intraperitoneal (ip) (iv/ip) chemotherapy is an effective adjuvant treatment option after primary debulking surgery (PDS) for advanced ovarian cancer (OC). Increased toxicityand patient burden limit its use in daily practice.
Objective: To assess toxicity and survival outcomes of iv/ip chemotherapy in daily practice in the Netherlands.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 81 women who underwent at least an optimal PDS for FIGO stage III OC followed by iv/ip chemotherapy according to the Armstrong regimen, in four hospitals in the Netherlands between January 2007 and May 2016. We collected information on surgical procedure, abdominal port implantation, toxicity, and recurrence-free and overall survival.
Results: All participants underwent PDS, of whom 60 (74%) had their ip catheter implanted during PDS. Most frequently reported all grade toxicity was haematological n = 44 (54%). Forty-four patients (54%) completed all six cycles of iv/ip chemotherapy. The most frequent causes of discontinuation of iv/ip administration were renal dysfunction (12/37 = 32%) and catheter problems (7/37 = 19%). Median recurrence-free survival and overall survival were 24 months (range 0 – 108) and 80 months (range 4-115), respectively. Surgical outcome, completion of more than three courses of treatment and intra-abdominal localisation of recurrent disease were associated with better survival outcomes.
Conclusion: In daily practice, 54% of patients with advanced OC could complete all scheduled cycles of iv/ ip chemotherapy with acceptable morbidity and toxicity, leading to outcomes comparable with the results of published trials on iv/ip chemotherapy.