Issue: 2011 > September > review

Hepatic and renal manifestations in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: a dichotomy of two ends of a spectrum

J.J.M. van Gulick, T.J.G. Gevers, L. van Keimpema, J.P.H. Drenth


Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)
is a multisystem disorder. It is the most common genetic
cause of end-stage renal disease. One frequent extra-renal manifestation is hepatic cyst formation. The majority of ADPKD patients develop complications as a result of renal cyst formation; however, a small proportion develop extensive hepatic disease with minor renal features. Both phenotypes seem to represent the spectrum of ADPKD. This review discusses the current understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, its manifestations and the mechanisms of cyst formation. Furthermore, it focuses on monitoring the disease and the treatment options currently available.