Issue: 2017 > September > case report

First case of severe pneumonic tularemia in an immunocompetent patient in the Netherlands

K.C.E. Sigaloff, P.K. Chung, J. Koopmans, D.W. Notermans, G.G.C. van Rijckevorsel, M. Koene, R.W. Sprengers, J. Gooskens, J.E. Stalenhoef
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Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by different subspecies of the Gram-negative bacterium Francisella tularensis. We report the first case in the Netherlands of pneumonic tularemia caused by the F. tularensis subspecies holarctica after probable occupational inhalation of contaminated aerosols. Notification of cases of tularemia has been mandatory by law in the Netherlands since 1 November 2016.