In the first part of this article, the booklet Dutch Medical Oath is reviewed. The content of the new oath is discussed as are the reasons for revision of the previous version of the oath. This is followed by a short history of the oath. In the second part of the article the oath is compared with the seven competencies of a medical specialist. The new oath contains elements of six of these seven competencies. This demonstrates that the oath is in keeping with the new medical educational demands.