Issue: 2017 > November > case report

Nephrotic syndrome due to lupus-like glomerulonephritis in an HIV-positive patient

J.S. Wiegersma, C.F.M. Franssen, A. Diepstra
AbstractFull textPDF


Lupus nephritis, a well-known complication in systemic lupus erythematosus, is characterised by a proliferative glomerulonephritis or membranous nephropathy along with a full-house immunofluorescence pattern on renal biopsy. There are very few exceptions in which similar histopathological findings are present, but case reports show that an increasing number of HIV-positive patients (mostly black Africans, but also white patients) have HIV-immune complex disease (HIVICK), which can mimic lupus nephritis. Lupus-like HIVICK is treated differently than ‘true’ lupus nephritis, so distinction is warranted.