Issue: 2017 > May > case report

Purpura fulminans mimicking toxic epidermal necrolysis – additional value of 16S rRNA sequencing and skin biopsy

K.H.W. Dautzenberg, F.N. Polderman, R.J. van Suylen, M.A.M. Moviat
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Both purpura fulminans and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare and life-threatening disorders with a high mortality. We present a case of suspected rapidly progressive, severe pneumococcal sepsis-induced purpura fulminans complicated by multiple organ failure, severe epidermolysis and cutaneous necrosis. We show the diagnostic challenge to differentiate between purpura
fulminans and TEN, as the extensive epidermolysis in purpura fulminans may mimic TEN and we highlight the additional value of repeated skin biopsies and 16S rRNA gene sequencing.