Issue: 2002 > November > review

Pathogenesis of renal microvascular complications in diabetes mellitus

B.A.J. Veldman, G. Vervoort


Microvascular disease is the main determinant in the development of late complications in diabetes mellitus. This is obvious for diabetic nephropathy1,2 and retinopathy,3,4 but changes in the microcirculation may also play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy.5,6 Although the pathogenesis of diabetic microangiopathy is incompletely understood, it is likely that it involves an interaction between metabolic and functional/haemodynamic factors. Together with genetic and environmental factors this results in the development of microvascular complications.