Issue: 2016 > November > review

Peritoneal dialysis underscores its merits in portal hypertensionrelated and nephrogenic ascites

C.W.H. de Fijter, V. Leijdekkers, D.J. van Leeuwen, Y.F.C. Smets, J.O. Groeneveld
AbstractFull textPDF


In the Western world, peritoneal dialysis (PD) is less frequently applied as substitute therapy in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In the Netherlands the use of PD has decreased from 30.3 to 13.5% due to several factors, but not due to lower PD-related outcome. The lower penetrance of PD diminishes experience with and exposure of young professionals to this treatment modality. This does not enhance a free and motivated choice among renal replacement therapies for patients who cannot be transplanted pre-emptively. To rejuvenate interest in PD and to underscore its merits, we would like to share the use of PD on two extraordinary occasions, where PD was the only way out. Ascites due to portal hypertension with profound gastrointestinal haemorrhage and nephrogenic ascites poses major management challenges in ESRD patients. In conclusion, PD came to the rescue and tremendously increased quality of life in the patients presented. To be readily available, a certain penetrance of and expertise in PD as renal replacement therapy is warranted.