Issue: 2006 > July-August > case report

Sino-nasal bony and cartilaginous destruction associated with cocaine abuse, <i>S. aureus</i> and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies

S. Simsek, X.H. de Vries, J.A.D. Jol, A.M.E. Spoelstra, P.W.B. Nanayakkara, Y.M. Smulders, H.F. Mahieu, P.M. ter Wee


Three male patients aged 29, 30 and 34 years and a 36-year-old female are reported with nasal septum perforation and a history of cocaine abuse. Two of the patients also had a perforation of the hard palate. In all four, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) were found. One had a cytoplasmic immunof luorescence-staining pattern (c-ANCA), the other three showed a perinuclear staining pattern (p-ANCA). Furthermore, all patients were found to be nasal carriers of <i>S. aureus</i>. We hypothesise that tissue damage to the nasal and palatal area in patients using cocaine may partly be mediated by the presence of ANCA antibodies.
Furthermore, we speculate that <i>S. aureus</i> facilitates the development of these ANCA antibodies.