The use of Point-of-care Ultrasound (PoCUS) is rapidly increasing in internal medicine as it is useful in the primary assessment of acutely ill internal medicine patients for enhanced diagnostics and resuscitation. PoCUS can be taught in a modular fashion including basic core applications and advanced applications which can be
combined for a symptom-based approach. Several PoCUS curriculum guidelines, especially for emergency medicine, exist throughout the world but a clear Dutch guideline for internists has not been developed. In this review we propose ‘core’ ultrasound competencies for internists that may also be incorporated into the European Training Requirements Internal Medicine. We suggest the use of an Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) competencybased training system with EPAs specifically designed for ultrasound.