Background: A new era for the treatment of chronic
hepatitis C is about to transpire. With the introduction of the first-generation protease inhibitors the efficacy of
hepatitis C treatment improved significantly. Since then,
the therapeutic agenda has moved further forward with
the recent approval of sofosbuvir and the expected approval of agents such as simeprevir and daclatasvir. This paper, developed parallel to the approval of sofosbuvir, is to serve as a guidance for the therapeutic management of chronic hepatitis C. Methods: We performed a formal search through PubMed, Web of Science and ClinicalTrials.gov to identify all clinical
trials that have been conducted with EMA-approved
new agents in hepatitis C; for this version (April 2014)
we focused on sofosbuvir. For each disease category, the
evidence was reviewed and recommendations are based
on GRADE. Results: We identified 11 clinical trials with sofosbuvir and for each disease category recommendations for treatment are made. Not all disease categories were studied extensively and therefore in some cases we were unable to provide recommendations. Conclusion: The recent approval of sofosbuvir will most likely change the therapeutic landscape of chronic hepatitis C. The use of sofosbuvir-containing regimens can shorten the duration of therapy, increase efficacy and result in less side effects, compared with standard of care. The efficacy relative to standard of care needs to be weighed against the increased costs of sofosbuvir. With future approval of
the other direct-acting antivirals, the outcome of hepatitis
C treatment will likely improve further and this guidance
will be updated.